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PS02 - Bica da Cana

Drop Pyroclasts © José Manuel Silva

Geosite ID: PS02

Name: Bica da Cana

Thematic category: Vulcanology

Geographical location on orthophotomap - PS02

Municipality: Ponta do Sol

Civil parish: Ponta do Sol

Location area: ‹ 0,1 ha

Coordinates(1):32°45'16.9'' N 17°03'30.9'' W

Accessibility: Easy

Distance to nearest paved road: 0 m

Conditions of observation: Good

(1) Coordinates of the geosite and / or the best viewpoint


Brief description

At this site one can observe a cover of basaltic pyroclasts, pyroclastic covering of the fallen basalt, that corresponds the most recent volcanic eruption in Madeira and the only one confirmed to have occurred in the Holocene. The deposit was carbon-dated from charcoal that formed at its base, from the vegetation that when underwent coalification pyroclasts buried it. It is estimated to be 6000 – 7000 years old.
These pyroclasts cover a deposit of angular clasts formed under periglacial conditions.


Relevant notes

Visiting a site of geological interest is the sole responsibility of the user.
The user must take precautions when visiting the site, taking into account the conditions of the terrain, weather conditions and other hazards, so that they do not create situations that put themselves or others at risk.
The user must respect private property. Access to private areas requires prior authorization from the owners.
The user must respect natural heritage, keeping it intact. The impact of your actions should be minimal.


How to Cite

BRUM DA SILVEIRA, A.; PRADA, S.; RAMALHO, R.; MADEIRA, J.; FONSECA, P.; CANHA, E.; BRILHA, J. (2012). Inventariação do Património Geológico da Ilha da Madeira. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais - Relatório Final, 414 p. In:


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