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F01 - Toco

Arriba do Toco ©Brum da Silveira

Geosite ID: F01

Name: Toco

Thematic category: Volcanology and Lithology

Geographical location on orthophotomap - F01

Municipality: Funchal

Civil parish: Santa Maria Maior

Location area: 10 -1000 ha

Coordinates(1):32°38'49.3'' N 16°53'38.9'' W

Altitude: 30 m

Accessibility: difficult

Distance to nearest paved road: 50 m

Conditions of observation: satisfactory

(1) Coordinates of the geosite and / or the best viewpoint


Brief description

The Toco coastal cliff shows the best hydrovolcanic deposits outcrop from hydroplinic eruptions, that belong to the Funchal Formation, Upper Volcanic Complex (CVS). It is a sequence composed by distal hydrovolcanic and trachytic pumice strate intercalated whith paleosols. At the top of this sequence, a subaerial basaltic flow outcrops presenting a well developed prismatic disjunction that gently tilts into the sea.


Relevant notes

Visiting a site of geological interest is the sole responsibility of the user.
The user must take precautions when visiting the site, taking into account the conditions of the terrain, weather conditions and other hazards, so that they do not create situations that put themselves or others at risk.
The user must respect private property. Access to private areas requires prior authorization from the owners.
The user must respect natural heritage, keeping it intact. The impact of your actions should be minimal.


How to Cite

BRUM DA SILVEIRA, A.; PRADA, S.; RAMALHO, R.; MADEIRA, J.; FONSECA, P.; CANHA, E.; BRILHA, J. (2012). Inventariação do Património Geológico da Ilha da Madeira. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais - Relatório Final, 414 p. In:


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