Geosite ID: PSt08
Name: Ilhéu de Cima - Pedra do Sol
Thematic category: Vulcanology and Paleontology
Municipality: Porto Santo
Civil parish: Porto Santo
Location area: 0.1-10 ha
Coordinates(1):33°03'17.31'' N 16°17'13.99'' W
Altitude: 0 m
Distance to nearest paved road: 2,1 nmi
Conditions of observation: Good
(1) Coordinates of the geosite and / or the best viewpoint
In this islet one can observe submarine basaltic flows, layers of marine fossiliferous limestone, contemporary with the pre-emergence phase of the island, during the middle Miocene, as well as subaerial basaltic flows. The islet top is covered by Quaternary aeolianitic deposits. In the submarine flows of the SW slopes, it is possible to observe a mega pillow lava that can is cross-sectioned and shows a radial prismatic disjunction structure. It is also possible to observe fossilized reefs of coral colonies, concentrations of fossilized calcareous algae (rhodoliths) and echinoids (Clypeaster). Like the other islets, it was once connected to the main island.
The visitation to the islanders requires prior authorization from the Institute of Forests and Nature Conservation (IFCN).
Visiting a site of geological interest is the sole responsibility of the user.
The user must take precautions when visiting the site, taking into account the conditions of the terrain, weather conditions and other hazards, so that they do not create situations that put themselves or others at risk.
The user must respect private property. Access to private areas requires prior authorization from the owners.
The user must respect natural heritage, keeping it intact. The impact of your actions should be minimal.