Geosite ID: PSt06
Name: Pico da Cabrita
Thematic category: Vulcanology
Municipality: Porto Santo
Civil parish: Porto Santo
Location area: 0.1-10 ha
Coordinates(1):33°05'42.60'' N 16°19'01.60'' W
Altitude: 220 m
Distance to nearest paved road: 0 m
Conditions of observation: boas
(1) Coordinates of the geosite and / or the best viewpoint
In this peak, there are outcrops of materials that correspond to the seamount stage of the island, namely submarine volcanoclastic deposits (hyaloclastites), intersected by basaltic dykes essentially. The hyaloclastic deposits are formed by angular fragments of basaltic rock shaped by the sudden contact of the lava with seawater. This interaction gave rise to a volcanic glass denominated sideromelane that evolved to palagonite, a weathered yellowish product that results from the hydration of basaltic glass. They form a breccia with an apparent stratification and a vitreous and porous texture. This submarine deposit is currently at an altitude of 200 meters, as a consequence of the uplifting of the island, and posterior tilting from N to S and shoaling by the volcanic activity in the more recent peaks. These materials are locally designated as "black stones" and were explored for several decades, in the production of pozzolan.
Visiting a site of geological interest is the sole responsibility of the user.
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The user must respect natural heritage, keeping it intact. The impact of your actions should be minimal.