Geosite ID: F01
Thematic category: Volcanology and Lithology
Civil parish: Santa Maria Maior
Location area: 10 -1000 ha
Coordinates(1):32°38'49.3'' N 16°53'38.9'' W
Altitude: 30 m
Distance to nearest paved road: 50 m
Conditions of observation: satisfactory
(1) Coordinates of the geosite and / or the best viewpoint
The Toco coastal cliff shows the best hydrovolcanic deposits outcrop from hydroplinic eruptions, that belong to the Funchal Formation, Upper Volcanic Complex (CVS). It is a sequence composed by distal hydrovolcanic and trachytic pumice strate intercalated whith paleosols. At the top of this sequence, a subaerial basaltic flow outcrops presenting a well developed prismatic disjunction that gently tilts into the sea.
Visiting a site of geological interest is the sole responsibility of the user.
The user must take precautions when visiting the site, taking into account the conditions of the terrain, weather conditions and other hazards, so that they do not create situations that put themselves or others at risk.
The user must respect private property. Access to private areas requires prior authorization from the owners.
The user must respect natural heritage, keeping it intact. The impact of your actions should be minimal.
How to Cite
BRUM DA SILVEIRA, A.; PRADA, S.; RAMALHO, R.; MADEIRA, J.; FONSECA, P.; CANHA, E.; BRILHA, J. (2012). Inventariação do Património Geológico da Ilha da Madeira. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais - Relatório Final, 414 p. In: https://geodiversidade.